Developing a Digital Strategy that aligns with organization’s mandate is done by prioritizing the business objectives against the strategic technology investment. The developed Digital Strategy should consist of conceptualizing the IT landscape, Statements of principles and ways of working for digital values through the establishment of Digital Enterprise Architecture. The Digital Strategy will set the strategic direction to create value for organization’s stakeholders, define the required capabilities and identify the resources needed to support organization’s mandate.
The conceptualization of the enterprise landscape is done through the development of the Digital EA Map representing the level of granularity that consists of strategic, segment and capability levels that each level addresses different stakeholders’ concerns. Organizations should develop and map the Enterprise Capabilities which will support the realization of their Digital Strategy to achieve the desired outcomes. From a business perspective, enterprise capability forms a model to represent all the functional abilities an organization needs to execute its business model and fulfil its mandate. From an IT perspective, enterprise capability models provide a stable overarching view of what is important to key stakeholders which will link business and IT initiatives together. Enterprise Capabilities Map can also be used to map, validate and justify the existence of technology portfolio as part of the IT landscape that has a direct business impact towards realizing digital strategy.
Hence, the digital strategy development will focus on the areas of innovation, investment, values and stakeholder’s satisfaction as such mapping the motivations of key stakeholders in terms of their goals, drivers, outcomes, requirements, principles, resources and capabilities. To achieve this, the use of tools and techniques listed below based on industry best practices should be leveraged to derive the digital strategy.
The following briefly describes the techniques used to derive the Digital Strategy:
SWOT Analysis – to analyze the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threat in realizing the organization’s objectives.
Application Fit Analysis – to analyze and validate applications including integration service such as API and micro-service category against the business fits.
Technology Fit Analysis – to analyze and validate infrastructure components including system software, platforms, security and cloud categories against business fits as well as EOS (end of support) and EOL (end of life).
Capability Analysis – to map existing applications against the business capabilities and identify any redundancy, overlapping or duplication.
Application & Technology Categorization – to categorize application and technology that includes but not limited to Information / Data, Infrastructure, Security Infrastructure, Cloud adoption, and DevSecOps.
EA Principles as the Fundamental Values
For an effective realization of the strategy, there is a need to establish the EA principles as the fundamental values to guide enterprise decision-making process and act as the foundation for governance standards, and policy development in realizing the Digital Strategy. The EA principles should be considered when making any decision regarding the use, selection, evolution and integration of all information systems’ resources and assets in an organization. Each principle must highlight the rationale and implications in terms of resources, costs and activities or tasks.
The EA Development Methodology based on the selected framework will be used as ways of working in realizing the Digital Strategy that covers the methods, rules and postulates used to structure, plan, and implement the process in establishing EA to ensure a consistent and systematic approach. The developed Digital Strategy should include the focus on organization’s EA artefacts and all capabilities involved in a specific iteration. Requirement and change management are another important factor in implementing and establishing a culture through successful EA practices for sustainable digital values in an organization.
Aaron Tan Dani is President of Singapore Computer Society EA-Chapter firstname.lastname@example.org; Founder and Chairman of Iasa Asia Pacific email@example.com; and Chief Architect of ATD Solution firstname.lastname@example.org
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